Market Reports for Feb. 23, 2013

2/23/2013 7:00 AM

Market at a Glance
Lancaster County Livestock Auction Averages
Prices Per Hundredweight
February 22, 2013
Compiled by Jessica Rose Spangler

STEERS, CHOICE 2-3: This week 125.00; Last week 125.80; Last year 125.00.

HOLSTEIN STEERS, CHOICE/PRIME: This week 107.60; Last week 107.55; Last year 106.75.

HEIFERS, CHOICE/PRIME: This week 119.40; Last week 121.40; Last year 124.60.

COWS, BREAKERS, 75-80% LEAN: This week 75.00; Last week 77.30; Last year 83.50.

COWS, BONERS, 80-85% LEAN: This week 74.25; Last week 76.55; Last year 80.80.

BULLS, YG 1: This week 93.15; Last week 92.15; Last year 95.60.

HOGS, 49-54% LEAN, Monday: This week 64.50; Last week 68.50; Last year 69.00.

LAMBS, CHOICE/PRIME 80-110 lb: This week 169.00; Last week 170.50; Last year 224.00.

BULL CALVES, #1: This week 135.00; Last week 147.25.

KID GOATS, SELECTION 1 (head): This week 189.25; Last week 141.50.

PA Weekly Livestock Trends
New Holland, Pa.
Feb. 15, 2013
Report Supplied by Ag Market News

Combined Livestock Receipts from New Holland, Vintage, Dewart, Middleburg, Greencastle, Lebanon Valley and Waynesburg.

CATTLE: This week 3558; Last week 3520; Last year 4260. CALVES: This week 2844; Last week 2853; Last year 2981. HOGS: This week 941; Last week 1215; Last year 1147. FEEDER PIGS: This week n/a; Last week 516; Last year 315. LAMBS/SHEEP: This week 2139; Last week 1694; Last year 1423. GOATS: This week 1497; Last week 717; Last year 2826.

SLAUGHTER CATTLE: Compared to last week`s market, slaughter steers sold mostly steady. Slaughter holsteins sold mostly steady. Slaughter heifers sold mostly steady. Slaughter cows sold mostly steady to 1.00 higher. Slaughter bulls sold mostly steady to firm.

FEEDER CATTLE: Compared to last week, feeder steers sold 1.00 to 2.00 higher. Feeder heifers sold mostly 5.00 to 7.00 higher and feeder bulls sold mostly steady.

HOLSTEIN CALVES: Compared to last week, holstein bull calves sold 10.00 to 15.00 higher and holstein heifers sold mostly 10.00 lower.

HOGS: Compared to last week’s sale, slaughter barrows and gilts sold mostly 4.00 to 8.00 higher. Sows sold mostly steady.

SLAUGHTER SHEEP: Compared to last week, Slaughter lambs sold mostly steady to 10.00 lower. Slaughter ewes sold mostly steady.

SLAUGHTER GOATS: Compared to last week, kid goats sold mostly 10.00 to 20.00 lower. Nanny goats sold 20.00 to 30.00 lower. Slaughter billies sold 30.00 to 40.00 lower.

SOURCE: Ag Market News, LLC. Dave Wert, 570-490-5587. www.AgMarketNews.com.

Lancaster County 
Weekly Cattle
New Holland, Pa. 
Feb. 22, 2013 
Report Supplied By USDA


CATTLE: 2699; Last week 2828; Last year 2870. CALVES: 1670; Last week 1692; Last year 1802. 

This week in Lancaster County, slaughter steers traded 2.00 higher early in the week before once again succumbing to the bearish mood that's been hanging over the cattle market the past few weeks. Steers ended the week 2.00 lower on a lackluster trade. 

Positive news has been hard to come by in recent weeks. Yes cattle supplies are tight, and today's cattle on feed report should confirm some of the lowest numbers of cattle on feed in the past decade. This news, although bullish in nature doesn't hold much weight. The retail demand for beef is stagnant and continues to dismiss current live cattle prices. 

Both cattle feeders and beef processors continue to bleed red ink and are nowhere near break-evens. Last week this finally spilled over on to the cow-calf sector as cattle feeders in a joint effort brought down the one input cost they have the most control over, the price of feeder cattle. Several auction markets last week into this week reported feeder steers as much as 10.00 lower, with light weight calves showing little immunity to the down turn, trading as much as 15.00 lower. 

For profitability to re-enter the beef and cattle feeding sector, either demand needs to pick up or corn prices need to drop significantly. In the short term neither is showing any signs of cooperating. Beef demand has been hit with heavy resistance at the retail and food service level, and uncertainties over sequestration and the state of the economy have weighed on consumer confidence. 

As for grain prices, they have eased slightly as South America begins to revive the pipeline of world supplies, but it's unlikely the US will see any significant decline in price until the corn gets in the ground and successfully makes it through pollination. 
The boxed beef market has seemed to stall in the lower 180's and was quoted at 182.35/cwt this past Thursday for Choice cutouts. If we were to look solely at beef carcass values this would reflect a live cattle price of 114.00-115.00/cwt. The Choice/Select spread remains narrow at 2.15/cwt indicating little demand for better quality beef. 

As demand slumps in the beef complex consumers typically shift to buying cheaper cuts, lower grades of beef, and much more hamburger, typically the least expensive item in the case. The shift in consumer behavior has promoted cull cow prices, which is one of the few commodities beef processors can turn a profit on. This has kept prices at fairly lofty levels locally. 
Market demand remains very good for cows, and cow beef prices continue to creep upwards. On Thursday the National cutter cow carcass value was quoted at 167.34/cwt with 90% lean boneless at 214.93/cwt. 

All cattle markets are priced per cwt. 

SLAUGHTER STEERS: HIGH CHOICE/PRIME 3-4: 1230-1650 lbs 126.00-132.00; CHOICE 2-3: 1270-1600 lbs 122.00-127.50; SELECT 2-3: 1225-1650 lbs 115.00- 121.00. 

SLAUGHTER HOLSTEIN STEERS: HIGH CHOICE/PRIME 3-4: 1500-1650 lbs 109.00-112.00; CHOICE 2-3: 1500-1650 lbs 104.00-109.00; SELECT 2-3: 1400-1700 lbs 99.00-106.00. 

SLAUGHTER HEIFERS: HIGH CHOICE/PRIME 3-4: 1350-1450 lbs 120.00-122.50; CHOICE 2-3: 1120-1400 lbs 117.00-120.50; SELECT 2-3: 1070-1350 lbs 113.00-116.50. 

SLAUGHTER COWS: PREMIUM WHITE: 65-75% lean, Avg dress 75.00-79.00, Low dress 68.00-73.50; BREAKERS: 75-80% lean, Avg dress 73.00-78.00, High dress 78.00-80.00, Low dress 66.00-73.00; BONERS: 80-85% lean, Avg dress 71.00-77.00, High dress 77.00-79.00, Low dress 65.00-71.00; LEAN: 85-90% lean, Avg dress 69.00-74.50, High dress 74.50-78.00, Low dress 62.00-69.00. 

SLAUGHTER BULLS: YG 1: 885-1940 lbs 93.00-99.00, high dress 101.00-107.00, very high dress 113.00-121.00, low dress 87.00-93.00. 

CALF SUMMARY: This week in Lancaster County, Holstein Bull calves sold mostly 10.00-20.00 lower as demand eased from dairy beef programs. Demand from veal producers continues to be good. Heifers sold 10.00-20.00 lower with light demand. The Composite Veal Carcass Values for the Northeast United States was quoted from 325.00-364.00/cwt last week, with a weighted average value of 334.12/cwt (Hide-Off). All prices per cwt. 

MONDAY: No Report Available due to President's Day. 

TUESDAY: GRADED HOLSTEIN BULL CALVES: #1: 111-121 lbs 127.00-128.00, 95-103 lbs 153.00-158.00, 90 lbs 122.00; #2: 95-115 lbs 138.00-150.00, 84-90 lbs 117.00-122.00; #3: 84-108 lbs 110.00-117.00, 74 lbs 30.00; UTILITY: 90-118 lbs 37.00-45.00, 73-83 lbs 17.00-32.00. 

GRADED HOLSTEIN HEIFERS: #1: 93-112 lbs 102.00-110.00, 83 lbs 82.00; #2: 83-101 lbs 80.00-92.00, 75 lbs 60.00; UTILITY/NON-TUBING: 65-72 lbs 15.00-20.00. 

THURSDAY: GRADED BULL CALVES: #1: 86-128 lbs 120.00-140.00; #2: 112-128 lbs 120.00-125.00, 88-110 lbs 130.00-137.00, 80-86 lbs 117.00; #3: 80-130 lbs 108.00-119.00, 72-78 lbs 50.00; UTILITY: 80-110 lbs 30.00-40.00, 60-78 lbs 17.00. 

HOLSTEIN HEIFER CALVES: 85-115 lbs 90.00-120.00; #2: 80-110 lbs 50.00-85.00; UTILITY/NON TUBING: 70-90 lbs 40.00-60.00. 

Source: USDA Dept of Ag Market News, New Holland, PA. Levi Geyer, 717-406-7350. John Stacy, 717-354-2391.

New Holland Monday Cattle & Calves Auction
New Holland, Pa.
Feb. 18, 2013
Report Supplied by USDA

CATTLE: 780; Last week 629; Last year 686. CALVES: 332; Last week 371; Last year 453.

When compared to last week’s sale, slaughter cows sold mostly steady with good demand. Bulls traded firm with good demand. Cattle supply included 167 slaughter steers, 132 heifers, 310 cows, 123 bulls, and 48 feeders. All prices quoted per cwt.

SLAUGHTER COWS: PREMIUM WHITE: 65-75% lean, Avg dress 77.00-79.00, High dress 72.00-75.50; BREAKERS: 75-80% lean, Avg dress 73.00-78.00, Low dress 69.50-72.50; BONERS: 80-85% lean, Avg dress 72.00-77.00, Low dress 67.00-71.50; LEAN: 85-90% lean, Avg dress 69.00-71.50, High dress 72.50-74.50, Low dress 62.00-68.50.

SLAUGHTER BULLS: YG 1: 885-1940 lbs 95.00-99.00, high dress 101.00-105.00, very high dress 113.00-121.00, low dress 87.00-94.00.

CALVES: Not tested due to holiday.

Source: USDA Ag Market News, New Holland, PA. Levi Geyer, 717-406-7350. John Stacy, 717-354-2391.

Vintage Sales Stables Monday Auction
Paradise, Pa.
Feb. 18, 2013
Report Supplied by USDA

CATTLE: 259; Last week 192. CALVES: 128; Last week 114.

When compared to last Monday`s sale, slaughter steers sold mostly 2.00 higher on a more attractive supply of cattle. Demand was moderate. Cows sold mostly 2.00 lower with moderate demand. Cattle supply consisted of 150 steers, 24 heifers, 80 cows, 4 bull, and 1 feeders. All prices quoted per cwt.

SLAUGHTER STEERS: HIGH CHOICE/PRIME 3-4: 1230-1560 lbs 128.00-132.00; CHOICE 2-3: 1275-1575 lbs 125.00-127.50, low dress 119.50-123.50; SELECT 2-3: 1225-1490 lbs 117.50-120.00.

SLAUGHTER HOLSTEINS: CHOICE 2-3: 1260-1555 lbs 104.00-107.00.

SLAUGHTER HEIFERS: CHOICE 2-3: 1120-1350 lbs 117.50-120.50, low dress 112.00-116.50; SELECT 2-3: 1070-1210 lbs 113.00-116.50.

SLAUGHTER COWS: BREAKERS: 75-80% lean, Avg dress 72.00-75.50, Low dress 67.50-71.50; BONERS: 80-85% lean, Avg dress 72.00-76.50, Low dress 64.50-71.00; LEAN: 85-90% lean, Avg dress 70.00-74.00, Low dress 62.00-69.00.

CALVES: Compared to last week’s sale, bull calves sold 10.00 lower with moderate demand. All prices per cwt.

HOLSTEIN BULLS CALVES: #1: 95-110 lbs 130.00-140.00; #2: 80-120 lbs 105.00-115.00; #3: 80-115 lbs 75.00-95.00; UTILITY: 70-110 lbs 30.00-50.00.

Source: USDA Ag Market News, New Holland, PA. Levi Geyer, 717-406-7350.

NOTICE: Next feeder cattle sale March 8.

Vintage Sales Stables Tuesday Auction
Paradise, Pa.
Feb. 19, 2013
Report Supplied by USDA

CATTLE: 375; Last week 457; Last year 460. CALVES: 649; Last week 667; Last year 645.

Compared to last week: No slaughter steers offered. Slaughter Holsteins firm compared to a very light test last week. Demand good. Slaughter cows traded steady to 2.00 lower compared to last week on good demand. Slaughter cattle supplies consisted of 64 steers and heifers, 297 cows, 10 bulls, and 4 feeders. All prices quoted per cwt.

SLAUGHTER HOLSTEIN STEERS: HIGH CHOICE/PRIME 3-4: 1500-1600 lbs 110.00-112.00; CHOICE 2-3: 1500-1650 lbs 107.00-109.00; SELECT 2-3: 1425-1700 lbs 103.00-106.75.

SLAUGHTER COWS: PREMIUM WHITE: 65-75% lean, Avg dress 75.50-79.00, Low dress 69.50-73.50; BREAKERS: 75-80% lean, Avg dress 74.00-78.00, High dress 79.00-80.00, Low dress 68.00-73.50; BONERS: 80-85% lean, Avg dress 73.00-77.00, Low dress 67.00-72.50; LEAN: 85-90% lean, Avg dress 70.00-74.50, High dress 75.50-78.00, Low dress 62.00-69.50.

SLAUGHTER BULLS: YG 1: 1375-2200 lbs avg dress 86.50-89.00, 1270-1900 lbs high dressing 94.00-97.00, very high dressing 101.00.

CALVES: Compared to last Tuesday’s sale, Holstein Bull calves sold firm on good demand. Heifers sold mostly 10.00-20.00 lower on moderate demand. Ag Market News LLC under the USDA-QSA-LMAR program graded 528 head for Tuesday’s sale. All calves are sold by the cwt.

GRADED HOLSTEIN BULL CALVES: #1: 111-121 lbs 127.00-128.00, 95-103 lbs 153.00-158.00, 90 lbs 122.00; #2: 95-115 lbs 138.00-150.00, 84-90 lbs 117.00-122.00; #3: 84-108 lbs 110.00-117.00, 74 lbs 30.00; UTILITY: 90-118 lbs 37.00-45.00, 73-83 lbs 17.00-32.00.

GRADED HOLSTEIN HEIFERS: #1: 93-112 lbs 102.00-110.00, 83 lbs 82.00; #2: 83-101 lbs 80.00-92.00, 75 lbs 60.00; UTILITY/NON-TUBING: 65-72 lbs 15.00-20.00.

Source: USDA Ag Market News, New Holland, PA. Levi Geyer, 717-406-7350. John Stacy, 717-354-2391.

NOTE: Next Feeder Sale March 8.

New Holland Weekly Dairy Sale
New Holland, Pa.
Feb. 20, 2013
Report Supplied by USDA

Receipts: 299; Last Sale: 602; Last Year: 307.

Compared to last week, dairy cows sold steady to 100.00 lower on moderate demand. Bred heifers sold 50.00-100.00 lower with moderate demand. Wednesday’s supply included 103 fresh milking cows, 28 short-bred cows, 17 springing cows, 29 short-bred heifers, 73 springing heifers, 24 open heifers, and 19 bulls. One hundred percent of reported supply Holsteins unless otherwise noted. All sales sold on a per head basis.

FRESH COWS: Supreme: 1850.00-1975.00; Approved: 1500.00-1650.00; Medium: 1200.00-1475.00; Common: 900.00-1175.00.

CULL COWS: 600.00-1050.00.

SPRINGING COWS: (7-9 months bred) Supreme: 1450.00-1600.00; Approved: 1350.00-1400.00; Medium: 1050.00-1225.00.

BRED COWS: (4-6 months bred) Approved: 1300.00; Medium: 1000.00-1075.00; Common: 875.00-950.00.

SHORT BRED COWS: (1-3 months) Supreme: 1450.00-1550.00; Approved: 1225.00-1400.00; Medium: 1000.00-1200.00; Common: 825.00-875.00.

SHORT BRED HEIFERS: (1-3 months): Medium: 800.00-875.00; Common: 725.00-750.00.

BRED HEIFERS: (4-6 months): Medium: 950.00-1075.00; Common: 600.00-900.00.

SPRINGING HEIFERS (7-9 months): Approved: 1300.00-1350.00; Medium: 1100.00-1275.00; Common: 900.00-1075.00.

OPEN HEIFERS: 300-600 LBS: Medium: 425.00-585.00; Common: 325.00-375.00. 600-900 LBS: Medium: 700.00-725.00; Common: 375.00-550.00. 900-1200 LBS: Medium: 750.00-800.00; Common: 625.00-650.00.

BULLS: 600-900 lbs 925.00-975.00, 900-1200 lbs 875.00-1075.00, 1200-1500 lbs 975.00-1475.00.

Source: USDA Ag Market News, New Holland, PA. Levi Geyer, 717-406-7350. John Stacy, 717-354-2391.

New Holland Thursday Cattle & Calves Auction
New Holland, Pa.
Feb. 21, 2013
Report Supplied by USDA

CATTLE: 986; Last week 948; Last year 1107. CALVES: 561; Last week 540; Last year 627.

When compared to last Thursday`s sale, slaughter steers sold mostly 2.00-3.00 lower. Demand was moderate. Slaughter Holsteins steady to 2.00 lower compared to last week. Demand was moderate. Slaughter heifers 1.00-2.00 lower compared on a very light test. Slaughter cows mostly steady to 2.00 lower. Demand was good. Cattle supplies included 329 slaughter steers; 92 heifers; 502 cows; 58 bulls; and 5 feeder cattle. All prices per cwt.

SLAUGHTER STEERS: HIGH CHOICE/PRIME 3-4: 1250-1650 lbs 126.00-128.75; CHOICE 2-3: 1270-1600 lbs 122.00-125.50; SELECT 1-3: 1250-1650 lbs 115.00-121.50.

SLAUGHTER HOLSTEIN STEERS: HIGH CHOICE/PRIME 3-4: 1500-1650 lbs 109.00-109.50; CHOICE 2-3: 1550-1650 lbs 106.00-108.75; SELECT 1-3: 1400-1600 lbs 99.00-105.50.

SLAUGHTER HEIFERS: HIGH CHOICE/PRIME 3-4: 1350-1450 lbs 120.00-122.50; CHOICE 2-3: 1300-1400 lbs 117.00-119.00; SELECT 1-3: 1100-1350 lbs 113.00-115.00.

SLAUGHTER COWS: PREMIUM WHITE: 65-75% lean, Avg dress 75.00-76.00, High dress 77.00-79.00, Low dress 68.00-73.50; BREAKERS: 75-80% lean, Avg dress 73.00-76.50, High dress 77.00-79.50, Low dress 66.00-72.50; BONERS: 80-85% lean, Avg dress 71.00-75.50, High dress 76.00-79.00, Low dress 65.00-70.00; LEAN: 88-90% lean, Avg dress 69.00-73.50, High dress 74.00-77.00, Low dress 62.00-68.50.

SLAUGHTER BULLS: YG 1: 1250-1850 lbs avg dress 93.00-96.50, 1400-1550 lbs high dress 97.50-107.00, 990-1950 lbs low dress 88.00-92.50.

RETURN TO FARM HOLSTEIN CALVES: Graded bull calves sold mostly 10.00-20.00 lower compared to last week on moderate demand. Heifers sold mostly 10.00-20.00 lower on moderate demand compared to last week. Ag Market News LLC under the USDA-QSA-LMAR program graded 384 head for this Thursday's graded sale. One hundred percent supply Holstein calves unless otherwise noted. All prices per cwt.

GRADED BULL CALVES: #1: 86-128 lbs 120.00-140.00; #2: 112-128 lbs 120.00-125.00, 88-110 lbs 130.00-137.00, 80-86 lbs 117.00; #3: 80-130 lbs 108.00-119.00, 72-78 lbs 50.00; UTILITY: 80-110 lbs 30.00-40.00, 60-78 lbs 17.00.

HOLSTEIN HEIFER CALVES: 85-115 lbs 90.00-120.00; #2: 80-110 lbs 50.00-85.00; UTILITY/NON TUBING: 70-90 lbs 40.00-60.00.

Source: USDA Ag Market News, New Holland, PA. Levi Geyer, 717-406-7350. John Stacy, 717-354-2391.

Middleburg Feeder Sale
Middleburg, Pa.
Feb. 19, 2013
Report Supplied by Ag Market News

All prices per cwt.

Receipts: 206; Last Sale: n/a.

FEEDER STEERS: MED/LGE 1: 300-400 lbs 132.00-147.00, 400-500 lbs 142.00-143.00, 500-600 lbs 130.00-142.00, 600-700 lbs 139.00-144.00, 700-800 lbs 127.00-134.00, 800-900 lbs 120.00-125.00; MED/LGE 2: 300-400 lbs 117.00-130.00, 400-500 lbs 115.00-132.00, 500-600 lbs 105.00-125.00, 600-700 lbs 117.00-122.00.

FEEDER HOLSTEIN STEERS: LGE 3: 400-500 lbs 91.00, 500-600 lbs 75.00-88.00.

FEEDER HEIFERS: MED/LGE 1: 300-400 lbs 132.00-147.00, 400-500 lbs 125.00-137.00, 500-600 lbs 120.00-122.00, 700-800 lbs 120.00; MED/LGE 2: 300-400 lbs 107.00-112.00, 400-500 lbs 118.00-122.00, 500-600 lbs 110.00-119.00, 800-900 lbs 102.00-103.00; MED/LGE 3: 400-500 lbs 77.00-97.00, 700-800 lbs 72.00-77.00, 800-900 lbs 67.00-70.00.

FEEDER BULLS: MED/LGE 1: 400-500 lbs 130.00-135.00, 500-600 lbs 120.00-130.00, 600-700 lbs 115.00-120.00; MED/LGE 2: 400-500 lbs 137.00-145.00, 600-700 lbs 115.00-127.00, 800-900 lbs 102.00-112.00; MED/LGE 3: 300-400 lbs 70.00-72.00.

SOURCE: Ag Market News, LLC. Dave Wert, 570-490-5587. www.AgMarketNews.com.

VA Graded Feeder Cattle Summary
Richmond, Va.
Feb. 14, 2013
Report Supplied by USDA

Virginia Feeder Cattle Summary Sales at Blackstone, Lynchburg, Marshall, Radiant, Springlake and Winchester. State Graded Weighted Average for Feb 7-13, 2013.

Feeder Cattle: 3663 (Steers 1478; Heifers 1561; Bulls 624).

FEEDER STEERS: MED/LGE 1: 69 head, 400-500 lbs 136.00-190.00; 133 head, 500-600 lbs 120.00-168.50; 207 head, 600-700 lbs 118.00-146.00; 144 head, 700-800 lbs 107.00-135.00; 286 head, 800-900 lbs 96.00-130.50; 28 head, 900-1000 lbs 91.00-115.75; 24 head, 1000-1100 lbs 100.00-112.00. MED/LGE 1-2: 55 head, 600-700 lbs 111.00-147.00; 12 head, 800-900 lbs 124.00. MED/LGE 2: 11 head, 300-400 lbs 166.00-195.00; 74 head, 400-500 lbs 147.00-186.50; 88 head, 500-600 lbs 116.00-161.75; 82 head, 600-700 lbs 81.00-145.75; 64 head, 700-800 lbs 117.00-138.00; 13 head, 800-900 lbs 106.00-118.00. MED/LGE 3: 6 head, 300-400 lbs 118.00-178.50; 19 head, 400-500 lbs 141.00-169.00; 26 head, 500-600 lbs 123.00-150.50; 12 head, 600-700 lbs 90.00-136.25.

FEEDER HOLSTEIN STEERS: LGE 2: 57 head, 800-900 lbs 99.75.

FEEDER BULLS: MED/LGE 1: 11 head, 300-400 lbs 178.00-197.50; 113 head, 400-500 lbs 125.00-184.50; 69 head, 500-600 lbs 110.00-157.50; 37 head, 600-700 lbs 101.00-139.50; 6 head, 700-800 lbs 101.00-129.50. MED/LGE 1-2: 10 head, 500-600 lbs 149.00. MED/LGE 2: 17 head, 300-400 lbs 117.00-199.00; 148 head, 400-500 lbs 127.00-186.00; 73 head, 500-600 lbs 110.00-161.00; 20 head, 600-700 lbs 115.00-139.50. MED/LGE 3: 6 head, 400-500 lbs 151.00-159.00; 13 head, 500-600 lbs 130.00-141.00.

FEEDER HEIFERS: MED/LGE 1: 18 head, 300-400 lbs 159.00-167.00; 90 head, 400-500 lbs 101.00-161.50; 178 head, 500-600 lbs 119.00-142.50; 126 head, 600-700 lbs 115.00-131.50; 271 head, 700-800 lbs 110.50-130.50; 70 head, 800-900 lbs 100.00-126.50; 9 head, 900-1000 lbs 85.00-119.00. MED/LGE 1-2: 10 head, 500-600 lbs 140.50; 11 head, 700-800 lbs 114.50. MED/LGE 2: 65 head, 300-400 lbs 145.00-179.25; 132 head, 400-500 lbs 131.00-159.50; 122 head, 500-600 lbs 116.00-144.50; 67 head, 600-700 lbs 115.00-125.25; 83 head, 700-800 lbs 100.00-122.75; 5 head, 800-900 lbs 90.00-105.00. MED/LGE 3: 36 head, 300-400 lbs 132.00-158.50; 75 head, 400-500 lbs 136.00-149.25; 55 head, 500-600 lbs 110.00-132.75; 16 head, 600-700 lbs 118.00-126.00; 9 head, 700-800 lbs 60.00-122.50.

Source: Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. USDA-VA Market News, Richmond, VA. 804.786-3947.

New Holland Hog Auction
New Holland, Pa.
Feb. 18, 2013
Report Supplied by USDA

Receipts: 735; Last Week: 785; Year Ago: 1148.

When compared to last week`s sale, slaughter barrows and gilts sold mostly 2.00-3.00 lower with moderate demand. Sows traded mostly 2.00-3.00 lower with moderate demand. All prices per cwt.

BARROWS/GILTS: 49-54% LEAN: 220-300 lbs 63.00-66.00, 300-400 lbs 63.50-66.00; 45-49% LEAN: 220-300 lbs 59.00-62.00, 300-400 lbs 58.50-61.00.

SOWS: US 1-3: 300-500 lbs 40.00-43.00, 500-700 lbs 44.00-47.00.

BOARS: 300-700 lbs 15.00-17.00.

Source: USDA Agricultural Market News, New Holland, PA. Levi Geyer, 717-406-7350. John Stacy, 717-354-2391.

New Holland Feeder Pig Auction
New Holland, Pa.
Feb. 20, 2013
Report Supplied by USDA

Receipts: 293; Last sale: 516.

When compared to the most recent sale 2 weeks ago, feeder pigs sold mostly 20.00 higher, with 20-30 lbs pigs trading as much as 50.00 higher. Demand was good with a good buyer turnout. All feeder pigs are sold per cwt.

US 1-2: 9 head, 10-20 lbs 160.00 pkg; 57 head, 20-30 lbs 210.00-220.00; 8 head, 20-30 lbs 280.00 pkg; 54 head, 30-40 lbs 180.00-190.00; 9 head, 40-50 lbs 160.00-170.00.

US 2: 85 head, 20-30 lbs 110.00-165.00; 9 head, 30-40 lbs 170.00-190.00; 7 head, 50-70 lbs 100.00-130.00.

NOTE: Next feeder pig sale March 6.

Source: USDA Market News, New Holland, PA Levi Geyer, 717-406-7350. John Stacy, 717-354-2391.

New Holland Weekly Horse Sale
New Holland, Pa.
Feb. 18, 2013
Report Supplied by Auction

179 total head. Overall market steady. Prices per head.

Work: 110.00-525.00.

Driving: 400.00-500.00.

Riding: 200.00-375.00.

Better Riding: 510.00-2000.00.

Registered Riding: 685.00-1625.00.

Ponies: 135.00-300.00.

Large Ponies: 250.00-1400.00.

New Holland Sheep & Goat Auction
New Holland, Pa.
Feb. 18, 2013
Reports Supplied by USDA

SHEEP/LAMB RECEIPTS: 1306; Last Monday: 2045; Year Ago: 1330.

GOAT RECEIPTS: 917; Last Monday: 1465; Year Ago: 1763.

SHEEP/LAMBS: When compared to last week, slaughter lambs sold mostly 10.00-20.00 higher on good demand. Slaughter ewes traded mostly steady to 10.00 higher on good demand. Slaughter supply consisted of 78 percent lambs, 20 percent slaughter ewes, and 2 percent miscellaneous stock. All sheep and lambs are destined for non-traditional markets. All sheep and lambs are sold by the hundred weight,on actual weights. Non-Traditional Markets:

SLAUGHTER LAMBS: WOOLED/SHORN: CHOICE/PRIME 2-3: 60-80 lbs 172.00-198.00, hair sheep 167.00-190.00, 80-90 lbs 194.00-202.00, hair sheep 184.00-202.00, 90-110 lbs 170.00-182.00, hair sheep 170.00-186.00, 110-120 lbs 154.00-170.00; CHOICE/PRIME 3-4: 50-80 lbs hair sheep 222.00-247.00, 60-80 lbs 218.00- 230.00; GOOD/CHOICE 1-3: 90-100 lbs 146.00-166.00, 115-140 lbs 132.00-144.00, hair sheep 124.00-130.00.

SLAUGHTER EWES: GOOD 2-3: Medium Flesh 90-120 lbs 70.00-78.00, 90-160 lbs hair sheep 82.00-90.00, 130-190 lbs 70.00-90.00; UTILITY 1-2: Thin Flesh 100-160 lbs 58.00-78.00, hair sheep 50.00-72.00, 170-180 lbs 48.00-60.00.

SLAUGHTER BUCKS: 195 lbs 68.00, 160 lbs hair sheep 82.00.

SLAUGHTER GOATS: When compared to last week, slaughter kid goats sold mostly 10.00-20.00 higher compared on a very light test. Nanny goats sold 20.00-30.00 higher compared on a very light test. Slaughter billies sold mostly steady. Demand was good for all classes. Slaughter supply consisted of 46 percent Slaughter Kids, 27 percent Slaughter Nannies, and 27 percent bucks/billies and wethers. All Goats are sold by the head on estimated weights.

SLAUGHTER KIDS: SEL 1: 40-50 lbs 120.00-138.00, 50-80 lbs 140.00-162.00, 80-110 lbs 172.00-182.00, 120 lbs 170.00; SEL 2: 40-50 lbs 100.00-118.00, 50-80 lbs 110.00-140.00, 80-110 lbs 140.00-150.00; SEL 3: 40-60 lbs 60.00-80.00, 70-75 lbs 100.00-108.00.

SLAUGHTER NANNIES/DOES: SEL 1: 90-125 lbs 150.00-180.00, 130-150 lbs 167.00-197.00; SEL 2: 100-125 lbs 117.00-150.00, 130-150 lbs 146.00-166.00.

SLAUGHTER BUCKS/BILLIES: SEL 1: 130-150 lbs 200.00-230.00, 150-200 lbs 195.00-255.00; SEL 2: 120-150 lbs 155.00-170.00.

SLAUGHTER WETHERS: SEL 1: 110-175 lbs 177.00-295.00; SEL 2: 110-125 lbs 130.00-180.00.

Source: USDA Dept. of Ag Market News, New Holland, PA. Levi Geyer, 717-406-7350. John Stacy, 717-354-2391.

Smoker Graded Goat & Sheep Auction
Parkesburg, Pa.
Feb. 15, 2013
Report Supplied by USDA

SHEEP: 460; Last sale 344. GOATS: 133; Last sale 95.

When compared to the most recent sale from two weeks ago, slaughter kid goats sold 10.00-20.00 higher on a light test. Nannies traded 5.00-7.00 higher. Slaughter lambs sold mostly 10.00-15.00 higher, with a few fancy sets trading as much as 50.00 higher. Slaughter ewes were steady. Demand was good for both sheep and goats. All goats are USDA graded and are co-mingled according to age, weight, sex, and selection grade. All sheep and goats are sold per cwt in their in-weights.

SLAUGHTER LAMBS: WOOLED/SHORN: CHOICE/PRIME 2-3: 12 head, 40-50 lbs 274.00-290.00; 16 head, 50-60 lbs 277.00; 3 head, 60-70 lbs 202.00; 18 head, 70-80 lbs 200.00; 15 head, 80-90 lbs 160.00-170.00; 9 head, 90-110 lbs 150.00. CHOICE 2-3: 10 head, 40-50 lbs 210.00; 25 head, 50-60 lbs 185.00-196.00; 67 head, 60-70 lbs 160.00-170.00; 82 head, 80-90 lbs 140.00; 79 head, 90-110 lbs 131.00-135.00; 24 head, 110-130 lbs 125.00-135.00; 11 head, 130-150 lbs 115.00-122.00. GOOD/CHOICE 1-2: 38 head, 80-90 lbs 135.00.

SLAUGHTER EWES: GOOD 2-3: 7 head, 120-160 lbs 64.00-70.00; 18 head, 160-200 lbs 60.00-70.00; 12 head, 200-300 lbs 50.00-62.00. UTILITY 1-2: 2 head, 120-160 lbs 45.00-60.00.

SLAUGHTER KIDS: SEL 1: 3 head, 30-40 lbs 285.00; 4 head, 50-60 lbs 272.00; 2 head, 60-70 lbs 254.00; 1 head, 90-100 lbs 170.00. SEL 2: 5 head, 40-50 lbs 230.00 Pygmies; 15 head, 50-60 lbs 245.00-252.00; 5 head, 60-70 lbs 200.00-220.00; 3 head, 70-80 lbs 200.00. SEL 3: 25 head, 30-40 lbs 240.00; 32 head, 40-50 lbs 200.00-240.00.

SLAUGHTER NANNIES/DOES: SEL 1: 4 head, 80-130 lbs 120.00-124.00; 6 head, 130-180 lbs 108.00-120.00. SEL 2: 4 head, 130-180 lbs 100.00. SEL 3: 4 head, 50-80 lbs 112.00; 3 head, 80-130 lbs 110.00.

SLAUGHTER BUCKS/BILLIES: SEL 1: 1 head, 150-250 lbs 100.00. SEL 2: 1 head, 80-100 lbs 124.00. SEL 3: 2 head, 80-100 lbs 110.00.

Source: USDA Market News, New Holland, PA. Levi Geyer, 717-406-7350.

NOTE: Next graded goat sale March 1.

Average Farm Feed Costs for Handy Reference
Ephrata, Pa.
Feb. 18, 2013
Compiled by Jessica Rose Spangler

To provide farmers across the state with a handy reference of commodity input costs in their feeding operations for DHIA record sheets or to develop livestock feed cost data, here are last week’s average costs of various ingredients as compiled from regional reports across the state of Pennsylvania.

Remember, these are averages, so you will need to adjust your figures up or down according to your location and the quality of your crop.

CORN, No. 2: 7.08 bu, 12.68 cwt.

WHEAT, No. 2: 7.64 bu, 12.75 cwt.

BARLEY, No. 3: 4.87 bu, 10.42 cwt.

OATS, No. 2: 4.44 bu, 13.86 cwt.

SOYBEANS, No. 2: 13.86 bu, 23.14 cwt.

EAR CORN: 209.00 ton, 10.45 cwt.

ALFALFA HAY: 240.63 ton, 12.03 cwt.

MIXED HAY: 246.25 ton, 12.31 cwt.

TIMOTHY HAY: 221.25 ton, 11.06 cwt.

PA Grain Report
Lewisburg, Pa.
Feb. 18, 2013
Report Supplied by Ag Market News

Compared to last week, corn sold .20 to .30 lower, wheat sold mostly .10 to .20 lower, barley sold mostly steady, oats sold mostly .05 to .10 higher and soybeans sold mostly .30 to .40 higher. Ear corn sold steady. All prices per bushel except ear corn is per ton.

Southeastern Pennsylvania: CORN #2: 7.08-7.36, avg 7.20, contracts Dec 5.63-5.83. WHEAT #2: 7.22-8.37, avg 7.88, contracts Dec 7.00-7.41. BARLEY #3: 4.80-5.60, avg 4.96, contracts Jul 4.60. OATS #2: 4.00-4.90, avg 4.45. SOYBEANS #2: 13.75-14.05, avg 13.96, contracts Dec 12.00-12.26. EAR CORN: 202.00, avg 202.00.

Central Pennsylvania: CORN #2: 6.90-7.30, avg 7.13. BARLEY #3: 5.15, avg 5.15. OATS #2: 4.50, avg 4.50. SOYBEANS #2: 13.50-14.04, avg 13.86. EAR CORN: 215.00, avg 215.00.

Southcentral Pennsylvania: CORN #2: 6.90-7.25, avg 7.04. WHEAT #2: 7.80-8.10, avg 7.95. BARLEY #3: 4.00-5.00, avg 4.50. OATS #2: 4.45-4.80, avg 4.62. SOYBEANS #2: 13.40-13.59, avg 13.46. EAR CORN: 210.00, avg 210.00.

Lehigh Valley Area: CORN #2: 7.05-7.50, avg 7.23. WHEAT #2: 8.10, avg 8.10. BARLEY #3: 4.40-5.75, avg 5.08. OATS #2: 4.50, avg 4.50. SOYBEAN #2: 13.65-13.90, avg 13.80.

Eastern & Central PA Summary: CORN #2: 6.90-7.50, avg 7.16, month ago 7.32, year ago 7.07. WHEAT #2: 7.22-8.37, avg 8.02, month ago 8.14, year ago 8.15. BARLEY #3: 4.00-5.75, avg 4.85, month ago 4.90, year ago 4.28. OATS #2: 4.00-4.90, avg 4.52, month ago 4.43, year ago 2.84. SOYBEANS #2: 13.40-14.05, avg 13.85, month ago 13.67, year ago 13.59. EAR CORN: 202.00-215.00, avg 209.00, month ago 202.00, year ago 156.25.

Western Pennsylvania: CORN #2: 6.74-7.50, avg 7.04. WHEAT #2: 7.12-7.60, avg 7.36. OATS #2: 3.85-5.25, avg 4.36. SOYBEANS #2: 13.95, avg 13.95.

SOURCE: Ag Market News, LLC. Dave Wert, 570-490-5587. www.AgMarketNews.com.

PA Regional Hay
Lewisburg, Pa.
Feb. 18, 2013
Report Supplied by Ag Market News

Dealer Hay & Straw Market for Eastern, Pa.: All hay prices paid by dealers at the farm and per ton. Compared to last week, hay sold 10.00-25.00 higher and straw sold steady. All hay and straw reported sold per ton. ALFALFA: 130.00-340.00. MIXED: 120.00-325.00. TIMOTHY: 120.00-225.00. STRAW: 100.00-160.00.

Summary of Lancaster Area Hay Auctions: Prices per ton. Hay: 150 loads. Straw: 49 loads. ALFALFA: 165.00-350.00. MIXED: 110.00-370.00. TIMOTHY: 150.00-350.00. GRASS: 120.00-310.00. STRAW: 105.00-195.00.

Summary of Central PA Hay Auctions: All prices per ton. Hay: 186 loads; Straw: 45 loads. ALFALFA: 107.50-320.00. MIXED: 100.00-405.00. TIMOTHY: 90.00-295.00. GRASS: 80.00-260.00. STRAW: 85.00-200.00.

Source: Ag Market News, LLC. Dave Wert, 570-490-5587. www.AgMarketNews.com.

National Organic Grain & Feedstuffs
Des Moines, Iowa
Feb. 20, 2013
Report Supplied by USDA

Compared to two weeks ago, national organic grains and feedstuffs were mostly steady on light trading, with light demand. Feed mill demand remains light as majority of their needs have been contracted. However, supplies on the farm for corn and soybeans appear to be somewhat heavy as producers continue to hold out for higher prices. The organic wheat market trended mostly steady on moderate demand for light offerings. New crop contracts are in discussion and of great interest to both buyers and producers at this time, but very limited official contracts have been reported at this time.

Note: Alfalfa Supreme 280.00 California; Premium/Supreme Nebraska 300.00, Minnesota 325.00; Premium 265.00 California; Good 220.00 California.

Prices negotiated spot market, FOB the farm. Prices quoted $/bushel, except soybean meal ($/ton and FOB the mill) and roasted soybeans, $/ton. Hay reported FOB the stack or barn unless otherwise noted. Soybean oil, sunflowers, spelt, cents/lb.

ORGANIC CORN: Food Yellow: 16.00-16.32, 2 wks ago 16.14. Feed Yellow: 13.50-15.00, 2 wks ago 14.14, Yr ago 12.11.

ORGANIC SOYBEANS: Food Grade: Yr ago 24.42. Feed Grade: 25.50-27.00, 2 wks ago 26.64, Yr ago 22.33. Meal: 1135.00-1175.00, 2 wks ago 1135.00, Yr ago 1035.00. Roasted: 1392.00.

ORGANIC OATS: Feed Grade: 4.50-6.00, Yr ago 5.37.

ORGANIC BARLEY: Feed Grade: 11.00.

ORGANIC WHEAT: Food Grade HRS: Yr ago 12.17. Food Grade SRW: Yr ago 11.34. Feed Grade SRW: 14.00-15.00, 2 wks ago 14.27, Yr ago 10.69. Food Grade HRW: 13.75-14.00, 2 wks ago 13.48. Feed Grade HRW: 11.50-14.00, 2 wks ago 13.15, Yr ago 9.63.

Source: USDA Livestock and Grain Market News. Jodee Inman, 515-284-4460.

NOTE: For a complete listing, visit www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/lsbnof.pdf

Apple Processing Report
Fresno, Calif.
Feb. 14, 2013
Report Supplied by USDA/AMS

Utilized for Processing in 1 ton Units in Appalachian District

JUICE APPLES: Week ending 1/19: 559; Week ending 1/26: 645; Week ending 2/2: 594; Week ending 2/9: 1269; 2012 to date: 41233; 2011 to date: 47606; Final 2011: 62,576.

CANNER APPLES: Week ending 1/19: 5,720; Week ending 1/26: 3,970; Week ending 2/2: 6,166; Week ending 2/9: 6079; 2012 to date: 118232; 2011 to date: 132966; Final 2011: 209,853.

TOTAL APPLES: Week ending 1/19: 6,279; Week ending 1/26: 4,615; Week ending 2/2: 6,760; Week ending 2/9: 7348; 2012 to date: 159465; 2011 to date: 180572; Final 2011: 272,429.

Trading

APPALACHIAN DISTRICT(VA, WV, MD, PA): Trading slow as supplies are mainly being pulled from storage. Canners U.S. One F.O.B. packing house or receiving station per cwt 2 1/2 inch minimum and up various varieties mostly Golden Delicious, Rome, Fuji, Stayman, Empire, and Yorks contract sales $21.00- 26.00, Straight loads of juice stock per hundredweight (cwt) U.S. Cider grade all varieties mostly contract commitments 20.00-21.00 mostly 20.00 occas higher, occasional spot sales 13.00-18.00.

NEW YORK: Trading is fairly slow for Juice Stock and Canners/Peelers. Prices for Canners/Peelers and Juice Stock steady. Supplies are moderate. Purchase prices are variety, size and quality dependent. Prices for processing apples on Wednesday, February 13, 2013 F.O.B. packing house or receiving station per cwt. 2012 crop: Canners/Peelers - (Utilizing All Available Varieties): $17.00-20.00, mostly $20.00. Includes previous commitments at higher prices. Juice Stock - (Utilizing All Available Varieties): $16.00-20.00, mostly $18.00-20.00 occasional higher. Includes previous commitments.

Shipping Point Trends

NEW YORK: Shipments 61-52-54 — Movement expected to remain about the same. Trading moderate. Prices Golden Delicious 12 3-pound film bags slightly lower, others generally unchanged. Cartons U.S. Extra Fancy 12 3- pound film bags 2 1/2 inch minimum McIntosh mostly 27.00-29.00, Gala mostly 31.00, Red Delicious mostly 24.00-24.50, Empire mostly 25.00-28.00, Rome mostly 22.00-23.00, Golden Delicious mostly 25.00-28.00. Cartons U.S. Extra Fancy tray pack Red Delicious 80s-88s mostly 28.00, 100s mostly 26.00; Gala 80s-100s 35.00-38.00; McIntosh 80s-88s mostly 36.00, 100s 35.00-36.00; Empire 80s-88s mostly 34.00-35.00, 100s mostly 32.00; Rome 80s-100s mostly 24.00- 25.00. Cartons U.S. Extra Fancy cell pack McIntosh 80s-88s mostly 36.00, 100s 35.00-36.00; Empire 80s-88s mostly 34.00-35.00, 100s mostly 32.00. Shipments for January 2013 were 558 (400 cwt). This represents a 363 (400 cwt) decrease from January 2012.

APPALACHIAN DISTRICT (MD-PA-VA-WV): Shipments 21-23-23 Export 0-0-1 — Movement expected about the same. Trading moderate. Prices unchanged. Cartons traypack U.S. Extra Fancy Red Delicious 72s-100s mostly 26.00; Golden Delicious 72s-88s mostly 26.00-28.00; Fuji 72s-88s 34.00-35.00; Cartons 12 3-lb film bags 2 1/2 inch minimum U.S. Extra Fancy Red Delicious mostly 24.00-25.00, Golden Delicious mostly 24.00-25.00, Fuji 28.00-29.00, and Red Rome mostly 23.00. Very light export to Russia.

NEW ENGLAND: Shipments 7-5-5 — Movement expected to remain about the same. Unofficial prices for Monday, February 11, 2013 Cartons U.S. Extra Fancy 12 3-pound film bags 2 1/2 inch minimum McIntosh mostly 28.00-32.00, Red Delicious 27.00. Cartons U.S. Extra Fancy tray pack McIntosh and 35.00- 42.00. Shipments for January 2013 were 58 (400 cwt). This represents a 2(400 cwt) decrease from January 2012.

NOTE: For a complete national report, visit marketnews.usda.gov/portal/fv, or call 559-487-5178.

East Fluid Milk & Cream Review
Madison, Wis.
Feb. 20, 2013
Report Supplied by USDA

Fluid cream and condensed skim prices in tanklot quantities: spot prices of class II cream, dollars per lb. Butterfat: F.O.B. producing plants: Northeast — 1.6601-1.8182.

Prices of condensed skim, dollars per lb. solids, F.O.B. producing plants: Northeast - Class II - includes monthly formula prices — 1.56-1.61. Northeast - Class III - spot prices — 1.54-1.59.

Spot Shipments of Grade A Milk into or out of FLORIDA: THIS WK: In 0, Out 57; LAST WK: In 0, Out 41; LAST YR: In 0, Out 131. Spot Shipments of Grade A Milk into or out of other SOUTHEASTERN STATES: Last Year: In 1, Out 0.

Manufacturing milk supplies have increased in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic regions. Milk production remains strong with good component levels. Most areas in New England have fully recovered from the heavy snowfalls that hit the region last week. Class I demand has leveled off and in some cases declined following the recovery from the recent storm.

Class I demand remains strong in Florida with contacts suggesting the warmer than usual winter is prompting seasonal residents to stay longer and dine out more often, resulting in increased fluid milk sales. Milk production continues to increase, but remains below year ago levels. Drought conditions are limiting forage regrowth with 50% of the pastures rated as either poor or very poor. Export spot loads moving out of state this week totaled 57 loads.

The combination of milk production increases and declines in Class I demand resulted in expanded milk volumes going to auxiliary manufacturing plants in the Southeast. Demand for cream has improved as cream cheese, butter and ice cream makers have expanded production to various degrees ahead of the Passover and Easter holidays. Despite the improved demand, cream supplies continue to overwhelm demand needs, requiring loads to be shipped out of region at significant discounts in order to find a home. Significant volumes of cream continue to flow to churns.

Multiples were on par with last week ranging from .98-1.15, with the lower end of the range reflective of those loads shipped out of region. Demand for condensed skim is lackluster with most manufacturers needing little more than their contracted volumes. Spot sales activity remains light with a majority of condensed skim volume headed to Class IV production.

rick.whipp@ams.usda.gov

U.S. Milk Production Update
Washington, D.C.
Feb. 20, 2013
Report Supplied by USDA/NASS

Jan. Milk Production up 0.6%

Milk production in the 23 major States during January totaled 15.9 billion pounds, up 0.6 percent from January 2012. December revised production at 15.7 billion pounds, was up 1.7 percent from December 2011. The December revision represented a decrease of 5 million pounds or less than 0.1 percent from last month’s preliminary production estimate.

Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,871 pounds for January, 11 pounds above January 2012.

The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.50 million head, 2000 head less than January 2012, but 6,000 head more than December 2012.

2012 Milk Production up 2.1%

The annual production of milk for the United States during 2012 was 200 billion pounds, 2.1 percent above 2011. Revisions to 2011 production decreased the annual total 81 million pounds. Revised 2012 production was up 40 million pounds from last month’s publication.

Released Feb. 20, 2013, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

U.S. Farm &Land Update
Washington, D. C.
Feb. 19, 2013
Report Supplied by USDA/NASS

2012 Farms, Land in Farms Highlights

The NUMBER OF FARMS in the United States in 2012 is estimated at 2.2 million, down 11,630 farms from 2011. Total land in farms, at 914 million acres, decreased 3 million acres from 2011. The average farm size is 421 acres, up 1 acre from the previous year.

Farm numbers and land in farms are differentiated by five economic sales classes. Farms and ranches are classified into these “sales classes” by summing sales of agricultural products and government program payments. Sales class breaks occur at $10,000, $100,000, $250,000, and $500,000.

FARM NUMBERS in the $500,000 and over sales class increased by 8.6 percent, to 145,190 farms. Higher commodity prices and larger value of sales contributed to changes in the number of farms within these sales classes. Meanwhile, the number of farms in the $1,000 - $9,999 sales class decreased by 2.5 percent to 1,172,200. Farm numbers increased slightly in the $10,000 - $99,999 sales class to slightly over 600,000 farms. The number of farms in the $100,000 - $249,999 and $250,000 - $499,999 sales classes increased 1.9 and 1.1 percent, respectively.

LAND IN FARMS increased in the largest sales class while decreasing in all other sales classes. Land operated by farms in the $500,000 & over sales class increased 3.7 percent, to 317.1 million acres. Land operated by farms in the $1,000-$9,999 sales class decreased by 3.9 percent, to slightly less than 97 million acres. Land in farms in the $10,000 - $99,999, $100,000 - $249,999 and $250,000 - $499,999 sales classes decreased by 1.4, 2.6 and 2.4 percent respectively.

The average FARM SIZE increased 1 acre in 2012 to 421 acres per farm. However, average farm sizes declined in all sales classes partially due to smaller farms moving up to higher sales classes.

2012 Livestock Operations Highlights

The number of operations with CATTLE totaled 915,000 for 2012, down 1 percent from 2011. Beef cow operations in 2012, at 729,000, were also down 1 percent from last year. The number of milk cow operations for 2012 totaled 58,000, down 3 percent from 2011.

The three operation classes: Cattle, beef cows, and milk cows, are classified into size groups independently. Therefore, it is possible to have more beef cow operations in a particular size group than cattle operations. As an example, an operator with 75 cattle and 40 beef cows would be classified in the 50-99 size group for cattle and 1-49 size group for beef cows.

The number of operations with HOGS totaled 68,300 for 2012, down 1 percent from 2011. Places with 2,000 or more head accounted for 87 percent of the inventory.

The number of operations with SHEEP totaled 79,500 for 2012, down 1 percent from 2011. Of all sheep operations that include breeding sheep, 93.9 percent were comprised of 1-99 head, 5.0 percent had 100-499 head, and the remaining 1.1 percent were operations with 500 head or more. Operations with 1-99 head account for 35.5 percent of the inventory, 100-499 head account for 21.1 percent of the inventory, and 500+ head account for 43.4 percent of the inventory.

The number of operations with GOATS totaled 149,000 for 2012, down 1 percent from a year earlier. Angora goat operations totaled 5,300, down 4 percent from 2011. Milk goat operations totaled 30,500, down 2 percent from 2011. Meat goat operations totaled 123,000, down 1 percent from a year earlier. Total goat operations will be equal to or less than the sum of angora, milk and meat goat operations since places which own more than one goat type count as only one operation.

U.S. Livestock, Dairy & Poultry Outlook
Washington, D. C.
Feb. 14, 2013
Reports supplied by USDA/ERS

Cattle Herd Rebuilding Thrown a Curve, Drought To Determine Inventory Dynamics in 2013

BEEF/CATTLE: Drought has continued through early February 2013. In the aftermath of more than 2 years of drought, pasture development and feed markets in 2013 will be particularly sensitive to weather uncertainties, especially through the second and third quarters of 2013 as crops and pastures develop. Pasture development will be a focus of concern, especially for beef cattle producers, particularly cow-calf and stocker operations, and will determine when cow herd rebuilding will begin. It will also affect the timing of placements of feeder cattle in feedlots.

BEEF/CATTLE TRADE: U.S. beef exports for 2012 totaled 2.45 billion pounds, 12 percent lower than in 2011. Beef imports totaled 2.2 billion pounds, or nearly 8 percent higher than in 2011. Cattle imports from Canada and Mexico were 15 and 3 percent higher, respectively, year over year.

PORK/HOGS: U.S. pork exports in December, at 426 million pounds, were almost 14 percent below a year ago. Exports thus finished 2012 at 5.4 billion pounds, 3.7 percent above those of 2011. The top three foreign destinations for U.S. pork in 2012 were Japan, Mexico, and China<\\\\>Hong Kong.

POULTRY: Broiler meat production in 2012 totaled 37.0 billion pounds, down 0.4 percent from the previous year. The outlook for 2013 is for a slight increase in production during the first three quarters and rising production in the fourth quarter, totaling 37.3 billion pounds. Turkey meat production in 2013 is forecast at 6 billion pounds, up 1 percent from 2012. Turkey meat production is expected to decline slightly in second-quarter 2013 but increase in the remaining three quarters. Table egg production is expected to increase slightly (1.3 percent) in 2013, reaching 6.78 billion dozen, up from 6.7 billion dozen in 2012.

POULTRY TRADE: December broiler and egg shipments were both up from a year earlier, while turkey shipments were down. Broiler shipments totaled 607.1 million pounds, a 4-percent increase from last December’s shipments. Egg shipments were up 19 percent from a year ago, totaling 25.7 million dozen. Turkey shipments totaled 63.5 million pounds, an 11-percent decline from a year ago. The 2012 fourth-quarter broiler shipments registered as the fourth largest ever, while turkey and egg shipments were the largest shipments on record.

SHEEP/LAMB: The sheep inventory registered a smaller decline than in the previous 2 years. Despite the drought conditions in most of the sheep-producing areas, the “grow our flock” program by the sheep industry appeared to slow the decline. The NASS Sheep and Goats report estimated the inventory of all sheep and lamb in the United States on January 1, 2013 as 5.34 million head, down 1 percent and a 30,000-head decline from 2012. Breeding sheep inventory decreased to 3.98 million head on January 1, 2013, down 1 percent from 4.0 million head on January 1, 2012. A 2-percent decline was seen in the 2012 lamb crop and is expected to result in further production declines during 2013, with production at around 152 million pounds. As a result, slaughter lamb prices, which declined significantly in 2012, are expected to show strength in 2013 and average around $104-$111 per hundredweight.

DAIRY: Milk supplies will increase fractionally in 2013 as continued yield improvements offset herd declines. An improved feed outlook supports feeding rates and moderates the herd decline. Prices remain steady in light of a largely unchanged export forecast.

Potato Update
Washington, D.C.
Feb. 15, 2013
Report Supplied by USDA/NASS

Potato Stocks Up 14%

The 13 major potato States held 214 million cwt of potatoes in storage February 1, 2013, up 14 percent from a year ago. Potatoes in storage accounted for 52 percent of the 2012 fall storage States’ production, up 3 percentage points from the previous year. Potato disappearance, at 199 million cwt, was 2 percent above February 1, 2012. Season-to-date shrink and loss, at 18.9 million cwt, was up slightly from the same date in 2012. Processors in the 9 major States have used 107 million cwt of potatoes this season, down 2 percent from the same period last year. Dehydrating usage accounted for 20.8 million cwt of the total processing, virtually unchanged from last year.

Released February 15, 2013, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

U.S. Turkeys
Washington, D.C.
Feb. 14, 2013
Report Supplied by USDA/NASS

Eggs in Incubators Up Slightly: Turkey eggs in incubators on February 1, 2013, in the United States totaled 28.1 million, up slightly from February 1, 2012. Eggs in incubators were up 1 percent from the January 1, 2013 total of 27.9 million eggs.

Poults Hatched Down 1%: Turkey poults hatched during January 2013, in the United States totaled 24.1 million, down 1 percent from January 2012. Poults hatched were up 9 percent from the December 2012 total of 22.0 million poults.

Net Poults Placed Down <\n>1% from Last Year: The 23.3 million net poults placed during January 2013 in the United States were down 1 percent from the number placed during the same month a year earlier. Net placements were up 9 percent from the December 2012 total of 21.4 million.

Released February 14, 2013, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).


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