Corn, Soybeans on Track for Record Production

8/23/2014 7:00 AM

U.S. corn production is forecast at 14 billion bushels, up 1 percent from 2013. If realized, this will be a new record for the United States.

Based on conditions as of Aug. 1, yields are expected to average 167.4 bushels per acre, 8.6 bushels above the 2013 average. If realized, this will be the highest average yield on record.

Area harvested for grain is forecast at 83.8 million acres, unchanged from the June forecast but down 4 percent from 2013.

U.S. soybean growers are expected to produce a record 3.82 billion bushels in 2014, up 16 percent from last year.

Here’s how the projected production for states in this region stacks up:

Pennsylvania — Hay, oats, soybean and tobacco production is forecast to be above a year ago based on Aug. 1 conditions.

Corn for grain production is forecast at 149 million bushels, 7 percent less than last year. Acreage for harvest is estimated at 1 million acres. The forecast average yield is 149 bushels per acre, up two bushels from last year.

Soybean production is forecast at 29.4 million bushels, up 3.2 million bushels from last year’s production. If realized, this will break last year’s record for Pennsylvania soybean production.

Harvest is estimated at 600,000 acres, compared with 535,000 acres last year. Yield is expected to average 49 bushels per acre, which is unchanged from last year’s final yield.

Potato acreage for harvest is expected to be 5,000 acres, down 2,400 acres from last year. The forecast of fall potato production will be published in November.

New Jersey — Corn for grain production is forecast at 10.2 million bushels, down 920,000 bushels from 2013. Acreage for harvest is down 6 percent from the previous year at 75,000 acres, and yields are averaging three bushels lower than 2013.

Soybean production is forecast at 3.72 million bushels, up 327,000 bushels from last year’s production. Acreage for harvest is estimated at 93,000 acres, compared with 87,000 acres last year. Yield is expected to average 40 bushels per acre, up from 39 bushels in 2013.

Potato production in New Jersey is forecast at 378,000 hundredweight, down from 552,000 in 2013. Yield per acre is down 20 hundredweight per acre from last year, and harvested acreage is also down 25 percent.

New York — Grain corn production is forecast at 99 million bushels, up 4 percent from last year’s output. Production is up from last year due to higher yields. Acreage for harvest is expected to total 660,000 acres, down 4 percent from a year earlier. Yields are expected to average 150 bushels per acre, 12 bushels higher than a year ago.

Soybean production in New York is forecast at 19.5 million bushels, up 46 percent from last year. Acreage harvested for beans is expected to total 397,000 acres, up 43 percent from a year earlier. Yields are expected to average 49 bushels per acre, up one bushel from last year.

Maryland — Corn farmers expect to yield 158 bushels per acre for the 2014 crop year, unchanged from last year’s record high yield.

Farmers are expecting to harvest 440,000 acres of corn, up 20,000 acres from the previous year. This will result in total production of 69.5 million bushels of corn.

Soybean yield is expected to be 44 bushels to the acre, up five bushels from last year’s harvest. The total production, if realized, will be 21.8 million bushels.

Maryland’s potato production is up 4 percent from 2013, and harvested acreage has also increased from 2,100 to 2,300 acres. The yield per acre is down 5 percent from last year.

Delaware — Farmers report corn yields on average of 160 bushels per acre, the same as the previous forecast.

A total of 170,000 acres is expected to be harvested for Delaware corn farmers, which will result in a production total of 27.2 million bushels.

Soybeans are expected to yield 42 bushels per acre, up two bushels from 2013. Farmers expect to harvest 183,000 acres, which will generate a total production of 7.7 million bushels.

Potato production is projected at 450,000 hundredweight, up from the 2013 forecast of 392,000. Area harvested is up 7 percent from 2013. This year’s yield per acre is up 20 hundredweight per acre from the previous year’s estimate.

Note of Gratitude

I want to thank growers for your time in helping with these important measures of the 2014 season. It is only with your help that we can have accurate, timely and useful “Agriculture Counts.”

Be assured, as with all NASS surveys, the information you provide is confidential by law. NASS safeguards the privacy of all responses and publishes only state- and national-level data, ensuring that no individual operation or producer can be identified.

King Whetstone is director of the Northeastern Regional Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. For the reports mentioned here, go to www.nass.usda.gov and click on the “Publications” tab.


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12/20/2014 | Last Updated: 12:30 PM