USDA Drought Action Opened 2.8 Million Acres to Haying, Grazing

12/22/2012 7:00 AM

WASHINGTON — U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced recently that the USDA’s measures to open conservation land to emergency haying and grazing during this year’s drought freed up a record 2.8 million acres and provided as much as $200 million in forage for producers facing critical feed shortages.

Vilsack made the announcement during the national drought forum in Washington, D.C., co-sponsored by numerous federal agencies, governors’ associations and academic partners.

“The Obama Administration remains committed to doing everything it can to help farmers, ranchers, businesses, and local and county governments meet drought-related challenges,” Vilsack said. “Now, we know that the actions taken by USDA and other federal agencies at the height of the drought provided much-needed flexibility during a difficult time. We also know that drought recovery is a long-term proposition, and we will continue to partner with producers to see it through.”

At the height of the drought, Vilsack announced expanded use of Conservation Reserve Program acres for haying and grazing, including a two-month extension for emergency grazing on CRP acres without incurring an additional CRP rental payment reduction.

USDA’s Farm Service Agency reported to Vilsack that roughly 2.8 million acres under 57,000 CRP contracts used the emergency haying and grazing option, compared with just over 1 million acres in 2011.

In 2005, producers used roughly 1.7 million CRP acres for emergency haying and grazing, the previous record. USDA estimates of the gross value of forage provided in 2012 run from $140 million to $200 million.

Vilsack also announced a new pilot program administered by the Natural Resources Conservation Service in Kansas and Colorado to remove sediments from ponds to help provide more water for livestock or for irrigation.

Part of the Environmental Quality Incentives Program, or EQIP, the pilot provides an additional conservation option for producers who face drought-related issues on their agricultural operations.

Also, for the current fiscal year, NRCS has made available more than $16 million through the EQIP program to farmers and ranchers for water conservation, practices and wildlife habitat that have been affected by the drought.

Those funds are in addition to the over $27 million provided to farmers ranchers in 22 states for drought mitigation during fiscal year 2012.

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